The UR-3R Process®

The UR-3R Process® reduces waste, recovers and recycles an urban resource.


Go to: Waste processing in detail


Here’s what we do

Through global research of available waste technologies combined with an independent analysis of thousands of kilograms of waste, Global Renewables was able to develop a patented sorting plant called the ResourceSort® which sorts household waste into the main categories of plastic containers, film plastic, paper, metals, and organic material. This was the first step towards developing the patented Urban Resource – Reduction, Recovery and Recycling (UR-3R) Process® which is used at the Eastern Creek Facility.

In the UR-3R Process® municipal waste is sorted using the inherent properties of the material such as size, shape and density into three main categories: recyclables, organics, and non-recyclable inorganic materials. The recyclables and organics go through sorting and cleaning processes to be ready to be sold as recyclables or further processed into high quality compost.

The UR-3R technology is consistent with the waste hierarchy philosophy towards achieving a wasteless society as it allows waste that would otherwise be disposed to be recycled or recovered. This process also supports waste reduction and reuse initiatives run by councils and community groups.

Waste processing in detail

Step 1: Global Renewables Eastern Creek Facility processes 80 trucks of household waste per day.


Step 2: All waste entering the Facility is screened at a pre-sort station to remove any hazardous or incompatible materials that would damage the plant.


Step 3: A separation process achieves the purpose of maximising resource recovery of paper, metals and plastics. It also separates and upgrades the organics stream for composting.


Step 4: The rich organic fraction is then composted using technology from Global Renewables’ partner Sorain Cecchini Tecno (SCT), one of the few composting systems able to produce high quality compost from mixed waste in a fully enclosed, automated and process controlled system.


Step 5: The SCT Biomax composting system processes the rich organic fraction for two weeks under highly controlled conditions of mixing, watering and aeration to produce a pasteurised compost material which is ready for final refining.


Step 6: The refining process has been specially developed by Global Renewables to meet the stringent NSW Environment Protection Authority resource recovery exemption requirements. Global Renewables’ compost refining technology combines aerodynamic and mechanical screening, metal removal and milling unit operations to remove stones, metals, glass and light plastics and produce the OGM product (Organic Growth Medium), our compost is suitable for agricultural and mining rehabilitation applications.


After a further external maturation period with intermittent turning, the OGM is ready to be delivered to market.